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2010 Olympic Speed Skating Oval

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2010 Olympic Speed Skating Oval - Richmond, BC
The Olympic Speed Skating Oval is currently being built on a 32-acre (13-ha) city-owned lot alongside River Road in Richmond, B.C. Adjacent to the banks of the Fraser River and within close proximity to Vancouver International Airport (YVR), the Oval’s distinctive design and architectural features incorporates elements of the surrounding landscape. The Oval, slated to open by Fall of 2008, is just one of many construction projects currently being undertaken to prepare for the Olympic Games coming to Vancouver in 2010.

Overseen by the City of Richmond, the building of the Oval is included as part of a wider city expansion project to develop a major new, urban, waterfront neighborhood along Richmond’s riverfront that will incorporate an eclectic mix of residential, commercial, and public amenities featuring both indoor and outdoor recreational activities, shopping and services.

The Oval will be approximately 344,445 square feet (32,000 m2) in size and host speed skating events during the 2010 Olympic games in Vancouver. The venue will accommodate up to 8,000 spectators post-Olympics, and will remain a multi-purpose facility for sports and wellness providing athletes with a place to train year round.

The City of Richmond contracted the project management services of MPHM for the construction of the Oval.

Contents

[edit] Construction History

Under the direction of MPHM, construction on the Oval first broke ground in June 2006. To date, Phase 1 has been completed and Phase 2 is well underway with the Oval’s core framing and roof already erected and well visible.

Phase 1 of the project involved site preparation including pre-loading, road re-alignment, pile driving, and more. The site posed some early challenges because of susceptibility to liquefaction. The land the Oval sits on is part of the Fraser River estuary and consists mostly of alluvial type soil comprised of silt and sand. The soil had to be weighed down by dumping 130,795 cubic yards (100,000 m3) of sand on to the site. This ground improvement process is used primarily to compress loose sands, a process called vibrocompaction.[1]

In 2006, the preload was removed and the site prepared for preliminary construction of the Oval. Since then, Phase 2 of the project has entailed formwork and concrete pouring. From there, the Oval’s superstructure began to emerge and take shape.

Over the course of the next two years, it is anticipated that the 1.1 million cubic feet (31,149 m3) of concrete, 12.3 million pounds (5.6 million kg) of steel rebar, and one million board feet (304,800 m) of lumber will go into finishing the Oval.[2]

[edit] Raising the Roof

In July 2007, the Oval’s roof was put into place. The roof consists of 15 large spans that are each 328 feet (100 m) in length and then covered with arched wooden trusses, rafters and panels that give the roof its distinctive rippled appearance. The wood used in the roof’s construction also includes about one million feet (304,800 m) of pine beetle kill wood from B.C. When completed, the roof will be a massive 6.5 acres (2.6 ha) in size and the first building in the world to include an exportable roof of its kind.[3]

According to Bob Johnston from Cannon Johnston Architecture Inc. and the Oval project’s principal and lead architect, the “roof is the most striking feature.”[4] From an aerial perspective, the roofline resembles the shape of a heron’s wing. Inspiration for the roof’s design was centered on the themes of flow, flight, and fusion.

[edit] Project Costs

The cost of the Richmond Oval Project is estimated at $178 million. This includes construction of the Oval building, a waterfront plaza, and a parking lot and takes into consideration provisions for both contingency and inflation.

In 2006, the project budget was initially only $155 million, but a new a parking lot has since been added to the development plan at an additional cost of $23 million.

Much of the cost for the project is being picked up by the municipal government, a substantial capital contribution of $60 million from VANOC jointly funded by the Province of B.C. and Government of Canada will offset some of the city’s investment.[5]

[edit] Equipment Used

[edit] Unique Facts

[edit] Compaction

[edit] Total Construction Materials

  • 1.1 million cubic feet (31,149 m3) of concrete
  • 12.3 million pounds (5.6 million kg) of steel rebar
  • 1 million board feet (304,800 m) of pine beetle lumber
  • 19,000 sheets of four by eight plywood

[edit] Construction Budget

  • The project has a budget of $178 million

[edit] References

  1. Tattersall, Clare. Raising the Roof on an Olympic Dream. ConstructionBusiness.com, February, 2007. (accessed: 2008-09-23)
  2. GamesBids.com Forum. Richmond Speed Skating Oval, Design & Construction Information, 2008-09-23.
  3. Cofi.org Work Begins on Richmond Oval's Massive Wood Roof, 2008-09-23.
  4. Tattersall, Clare. Raising the Roof on an Olympic Dream. ConstructionBusiness.com, February, 2007. (accessed: 2008-09-23.)
  5. Richmond.ca Richmond Oval Fast Facts - Financial, 2008-09-23.