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Case IH

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Case IH is a combination of two of the world's leading agricultural companies: J.I. Case Co., founded by Jerome Increase Case, and International Harvester Co., founded by Cyrus McCormick. International Harvester eventually broke up into two different industries: the agricultural International Harvester became acquired by J.I. Case, and the transportation division, known as International, became a subsidiary of CNH Global. Fiat is the majority owner of CNH Global.

Case IH headquarters are located in Racine, Wisconsin. With a history of more than a 160 years selling agricultural machinery, it is the leader in Advanced Farming Systems. There are 4,900 independent dealers and distributors throughout North America and Europe. The company provides tractors and combines, among other machinery products.[1]

The 13 Case IH product lines comprise more than 220 models. The equipment is used for cash-graining, row cropping, preparing soil, seeding, protecting crops, and harvesting[2]


[edit] History

[edit] History of International Harvester Co.

The first mechanical reaper was invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831. Upon his invention, McCormick displayed his invention at Steele's Tavern, in Virginia. As much as 10 acres (4 ha) per day could be cut, about the equivalent of the work of five men. He didn't patent the reaper until three years later, and by this time, he added additional features such as a self-raking component that could cut 40 acres (15.6 ha) in just one day, using only one person.[3]

With this success, McCormick established a company under the name of McCormick Harvesting Machine Co. in Chicago, Illinois in 1848.

On July 28, 1902, McCormick's company joined with Deering Harvest Co. to create International Harvester Co.

[edit] Axial Flow

The Axial Flow is one of IHC's most significant developments. The combines were produced in 1977 as models 1440 and 1460. The axial flow features allowed for easier threshing and graining and the combines were easier to maintain because they had fewer parts. This development saw other equipment manufacturing companies using the rotary combine in their machinery prototypes.

In 1980, IHC produced the 2 + 2 row crop articulated tractor. In this case, the driver's seat was located on the back half of the tractor.[4]

[edit] Farmall Tractors (IHC)

The Farmall Regular was the first crop tractor built and patented by Bert Benjamin. It contributed to the development of the agriculture industry with its lightweight design and ratio of power to weight.

IHC started production of the Farmall tractors and a second set in the series, the Letter Series, was rolled out on August 9, 1939.[5]

The first spindle cotton picker was built and produced by IHC in 1943.

The Letter Series was replaced by the New Number Series Farmall in 1954. The Farmall and International 706 and 806 models with horsepower appeared in 1962. Less than three years later, the Farmall and International 1206 arrived on the scene. It was the first tractor for crop row, with considerable horsepower measured at more than 100.[6]

[edit] Steiger Family

John Steiger and his sons, Douglas and Maurice also contributed to IHC's success when they first built the Steiger tractor in 1957-1958. The production came about when the family needed a tractor with a more powerful horsepower than existed. Their creation, weighing in a 15,000 pounds (6,804 kg), helped pave the way on their farm for at least 10 years.

Unable to stay ahead in a tough economy, Steiger Tractor Inc. filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in 1986. The plant was bought by Tenneco Inc., which at the time was also the parent company of Case IH.[7]

[edit] History of J.I. Case

Racine Threshing Machine Works was established by Jerome Increase Case in 1842. The J.I. Case & Co. was created in a little over twenty years later. The Racine, Wisconsin company consisted of three other partners, Messena Erskine, Robert Baker, and Stephen Bull, in what would become known as "The Big Four. [8]The Big Four would disband in 1880 and as a result, J.I. Case became incorporated.

J.I. Case produced the first-ever steam engine tractor in 1869. It still required the use of horses and was used only for belt power. Case was also responsible for the first gasoline tractor, built in 1892 and was called the "Paterson Tractor". The first attempt at a gas tractor was not particularly successful and Case did not build another until 1911. It was named the 30-60.[9]

Between 1911 and 1984, most of Case's changes involved the color of the tractors. In 1974, the flambeau red and sand colors that had been used on the tractors since 1954 were exchanged for power red and white. This changed once again in 1983 when Case had to change the 94 Series tractor colors to black and white in order to meet government regulations that tractor paint should not contain any lead.

In 1984, they came out with the 94 series 4WD tractors. The 4994 unit was the company's most powerful and included turbocharged V-8 and a 400 gross engine horsepower.[10]

[edit] Case IH

J.I. Case acquired IH, a decision that was given the U.S. Justice Department's approval in 1985. The acquisition changed the name to Case IH and the company became the one of the biggest farming equipment manufacturers. The combination of the two companies increased the market share substantially and expanded the product line.

The most successful products the company has produced include the Magnum tractor in 1988. It was the first entirely new machine to be produced by the conjunction of the two companies. The same year the first red 1900 Series IH Steiger tractor was launched into production and continued until 1989.

The success of Case IH has produced many products, including the Magnum tractor in 1988, the first red 1900 Series IH Steiger tractor, and the MX270 in 2000. The MX500 successfully plowed 792 acres (320 ha) in 24 hours.[11]

[edit] Module Express 625

In 2006, Case IH produced the Module Express 625 for harvesting cotton. It was the first commercial cotton-harvesting machine.

A study conducted for the National Cotton Council's Beltwide Cotton Conference in Nashville, Tennessee, revealed that the Module Express 625 had the lowest harvesting costs via gin delivery.[12] The study consisted of a standard six-row basket picker and Case IH Module Express 625. The "on-board module builders eliminate the need for boll buggies, module builders, tractors, and labor need to operate this machine".[13] It is said that the Case system is successful because of the module cover expense and that the lower cost is associated with one person and two machines putting in place module tarps.

[edit] Environmental Initiative

Case IH has an initiative to use biofuels, such as the biodiesel B100, on as much of its farm equipment as possible.

The medium to high horsepower tractors, combines, windrowers, and cotton pickers, as well as most sprayers, can use B100 provided protocol is followed to ensure quality maintenance and operation.

Case IH has the approval of every country in the world to use 5 percent (B5) and most of the equipment leaves the factory with a full tank of B5 (a blend of 5 percent biodiesel and 95 percent traditional fuel)[14]. The biodiesel fuel can be just as efficient as regular fuel, given it is properly maintained and used. Furthermore, 20 percent biodiesel fuels (B20) are approved in 90 percent of their European and North American sales. Approximately half of all the models sold throughout the world contain flagship Axial Flow 8010 combine and can be used with 100 percent biodiesel (B100) fuel, providing instructions are followed.[15]

[edit] The Company Today

In 1999, Case Corp. became CNH Global after joining with New Holland Ag. Case IH still carries a line of agricultural products.

[edit] Equipment List

[edit] References

  1. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  2. Agriculture. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  3. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  4. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  5. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  6. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  7. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  8. AboutUs. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  9. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  10. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  11. About Us. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  12. Media News. CNH. 2008-09-22.
  13. News Events. Case IH. 2008-09-22.
  14. Case IH. Biofleet. 2008-09-22.
  15. About. Case IH. 2008-09-22.

[edit] External Links