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Crystal Island

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Projects > Buildings

Dubbed one of "the world's biggest construction projects,"[1] Crystal Island in Moscow, Russia, is currently undergoing planning for the construction. If successful, Crystal Island, a “city in a microcosm”, will stand 1,500 feet (457 m) tall. Crystal Island will house 900 apartments, 3,000 hotel rooms, shopping centers, an international school for 500 students, an IMAX theater, as well as other cultural and exhibition centers.[2]

The project, designed by Norman Foster, has an anticipated construction cost of $2 billion to $4 billion. The project has just recently been awarded planning permission and construction should commence shortly.[3]

[edit] Construction History

While construction stage is still in the preliminary stages, Crystal Island will be constructed on the coast of the Nagatino Peninsula, near the Moscow River, about 4.7 miles (7.5 km) from the Kremlin. The superstructure will rise in tent formation to 1,476 feet (450 m) in a diagonal grid spiral. A platform offering a panoramic view of the city will stand at about 980 feet (299 m).

The structure will consist of a breathable alternate layer with built-in thermal technology to protect against Russia’s extreme hot and cold temperatures. The second skin is a panel that can be closed to help retain heat during the winter months. The panel will open in the summer to encourage cooler temperatures. One of the top factors of this feature is to conserve and utilize energy in a cost-efficient and environmentally friendly manner. Solar panels and wind turbines will also aid in this purpose.

The project will involve removing vast quantities of earth to make room for the structure, which will be situated on 267 million square feet (24,805 m2)of land. The construction process is expected to take five years to complete.[4]

If completed, the structure will beat out the Burj Dubai for the title of the tallest building in the world. It will also contain the most floor space of any other structure. Reports suggest it will be twice the height of London’s Canary Wharf Tower and have about four times more floor space than the Pentagon.[5]

The project is spearheaded by Lord Norman Foster, who was also responsible for the new Wembley Stadium in London, Hong Kong Airport, and Russia Tower.

Foster has said of his project:

“Crystal Island is one of the world’s most ambitious building projects and it represents a milestone in the 40-year history of the practice. It is the largest single building in the world, creating a year-round destination for Moscow and a sustainable, dynamic new urban quarter. It is a paradigm of compact, mixed-use, sustainable city planning, with an innovative energy strategy and ‘smart' skin which buffers against climate extremes.”[6]

“I am very excited about this project – there is no equivalent to it anywhere in the world,” said Foster. “It is the first time anyone has tried to combine homes, cultural centers, offices, and parkland in one project.”[7]

[edit] Equipment Used

[edit] References

  1. ForeignPolicy.com The List: The World's Biggest Construction Projects, February 2008. (accessed: 2008-09-23)
  2. ForeignPolicy.com The List: The World's Biggest Construction Projects, February 2008. (accessed: 2008-09-23)
  3. ForeignPolicy.com The List: The World's Biggest Construction Projects, February 2008. (accessed: 2008-09-23)
  4. Urbanity.es Crystal Island, Moscow / Norman Foster, 2008-09-23.
  5. Gourlay, Chris; Watts, Robert. Foster plans world's biggest building. SkyscraperPage.com, 2008-09-23.
  6. Foster & Partners Crystal Island, 2008-09-23.
  7. Gourlay, Chris; Watts, Robert. Foster plans world's biggest building. SkyscraperPage.com, 2008-09-23.