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Superfund

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Definitions

A Superfund is an uncontrolled or abandoned place where hazardous waste is located, possibly affecting local ecosystems or people. They are essentially the worst toxic waste sites within the United States.

“Superfund” is also the commonly used name for the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Contamination and Liability Act, or the “Superfund law.” It empowers the Environmental Protection Agency to accept reports of toxic spills and pollution.

The Superfund program was developed by the EPA after discovering a number of disastrous toxic waste dumps during the 1970s. It is overseen by the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) within the EPA. This office is responsible for both short and long term cleanup.

Before a site can be declared a Superfund, and placed on the National Priorities List (NPL), it must first be assessed by the EPA and complete a Hazard Ranking System screening. There are 1,305 sites scheduled for cleanup on the NPL.[1]

Nearly 11 million people, including three to four million children, live within one mile (1.6 km) of a federal Superfund site.[2]

[edit] References

  1. Pollution Locator: Superfund. Scorecard, 2008-09-30.
  2. Pollution Locator: Superfund. Scorecard, 2008-09-30.